Mota, director of the Department of Biological Engineering, sees great
developments in the area of health and in the area of new forms of
pollution control. Explaining
that "the biotechnology of the first half of the twentieth century was
focused on the fermentation industry", both in the food industry of
cheese, yoghurt, beer and antibiotic production, and in the second half
turned to agriculture and Biology, transgenics, hormones and synthetic insulin, he predicts that
"in the 21st century biotechnology will be focused on solving the
problems of heavy and chemical industries that are highly polluting and
harmful to the environment."
the health sector, which will continue to make very strong progress,
"cellulars, industry, tanneries, oil companies and metal-mechanics will
be the target sectors of biotechnology and the great beneficiaries of
its progress," says Manuel Mota. This UM professor notes that "there is already a lot of technology
implemented and pilot experiments going on, so within 10 to 15 years new
technologies for waste control and reuse are massively deployed in
about the degree of interest on the part of the heavy industry in the
implementation of the new processes more friendly to the environment,
Mauel Mota was optimistic, "since the regulation in the developed
countries is very restrictive and the next companies will have economic
advantages with many of these Processes - he said.
Artificial Human Fabrics
tissue engineering is another cutting-edge area with about 10 years of
research that "knows fantastic developments" that seem only to be
possible in science fiction - says Luis Marcelo Pereira, who is going to
give a conference exactly in this area of research .
the isolation and in vitro cell culture of the donor for future use,
such as skin for cases of burned cartilage to supply irreversible
degenerative processes, to the development of implantable biorectors
capable of producing insulin - says Luis Pereira, a researcher at the
University of Lisbon , Who will also participate in an open class, "the results that are
being published only allow us to foresee what is unimaginable in the
near future," concludes the researcher.
Restrictions on transgenics will have consequences
recent developments in international regulations agreed at the last
international meeting in Toronto, Canada, establishing the principle of
state sovereignty over the importation of genetically modified foods, is
not necessarily positive, since, according to Manuel Mota, "they will
certainly have negative consequences. Economic level ".
the Toronto agreement, which the Portuguese government presented as a
victory for the European Union, it is not certain that it has great
effects since, the researcher noted, "the US and China did not subscribe
to it." As major economic and population powers, respectively, "they may
continue to develop trangenics or, in the case of China, import the most
developed technology that may exist in other countries", thereby
gaining an advantage in international trade.
Involve Secondary Students
only scientific problems live the week of biological, mentioning the
competitions and questionnaires intended for secondary school students
who want to publicize the degree in Biological Engineering and sensitize
them to some of the ethical and scientific problems facing scientific
research in this area . In this sense, "some final student groups go to schools in the Braga
area to tell their experiences and speak from student to student - said
Joana Azeredo, teacher of this course.
the program of the Biological Engineering Week, on Tuesday, the 22nd,
the open class "The day-to-day biofilms in the daily life of the human
being" will be highlighted at 2:30 pm by Luis Melo and the conference "Engineering of human tissues", which will be delivered at 3:00 pm, by Luis Marcelo Pereira. A scientific paper by Manuel Mota will be presented under the theme "Biotechnology of the next millennium".