NOVO

Project Title
Novel approaches for prevention and degeneration of pathogenic bacteria biofilms formed on medical devices e.g. catheters
Project Type
Internacional / Public
Funding Body
Funding Program
HEALTH.2011.2.3.1-5
Reference
278402
Funding
  • CEB: 280 800,00
  • Total: 2 826 475,00
Start
01-01-2012
End
31-12-2014
Partnership
Technische Universitaet Graz, Bar Ilan University, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Universitaet Duisburg-Essen, Multiprofile Hospital for Active Treatment and Emergency Medecine Pirogov, Synovo GMBH, Associacao Universidade-Empresa para o Desenvolvimento - TecMinho, DI Dr. Andreas Paar KG, Pronefro, Produtos Nefrológicos, Degania Silicone Ltd., OSM-DAN LTD.
External link

Principal Investigator

Team Members - CEB

Fellowship Members - CEB

Abstract

Biofilms are bacterial communities encased in a self-produced hydrated polymeric matrix. An important characteristic of microbial biofilms is their innate resistance to the immune system and susceptibility to antibiotics. This resistance has made microbial biofilms a common cause of medical infections, and difficult-to-treat infections caused by colonized foreign bodies. The NOVO project aims at developing novel approaches to prevent and/or degrade biofilms on catheters elongating their usage in humans up to 10 days. Two complementary approaches for biofilm prophylaxis will be developed: A. Ultrasonic coating of Inorganic antibiofouling agents (process developed by partner BIU) based on asingle step sonochemical process to: a) Produce metal fluoridesor metal oxides (e.g. MgF2, ZnO) nanoparticles (NPs) and simultaneously b) Impregnate them as antibacterial factors on the catheters. c) Co-coating with bio-inert polymer layers (containing highly hydrophilic antifouling polyethylene glycol, zwitterionic moieties or sugar-groups) grafted onto NPs of adjusted size to the size of MgF2/ZnO NPs or directly onto MgF2/ZnO NPs; to form a hydrogel layer for the protection of the MgF2/ZnO antibiofouling activity. B. Bio/organic antibiofouling activation: 1) Novel coating for catheters based on radical catalyzed polymers to yield anti-bacterial activity. An enzymatic reaction willbe applied on the phenolic compounds to generate phenolic radicals to be further polymerized on the catheter surface as an antibiofilm agent. 2) Develop and engineer Cellobiose Dehydrogenases (CDH) that actively oxidizes and degrades biofilms polysaccharides concomitantly producing stoichiometrically H2O2 as antibacterial agent. Theenzymes will be coated on the catheters via a lubricant or by the Ultrasonic (US) process after their immobilization.Some novel CDH representatives already show very low activity on glucose which should be removed by further genetic engineering.

Acknowledgements

SME-targeted Collaborative Project